Platelet quality measured with dynamic light scattering

Platelet quality measured with dynamic light scattering correlates with transfusion outcome in hematologic malignancies

Maurer-Spurej E, Labrie A, Pittendreigh C, Chipperfield K, Smith C, Heddle N, Liu Y, Yi Q-L, Barnett M. Transfusion 2009; 49: in print.

BACKGROUND: A clinically meaningful test for platelet (PLT) quality could improve the transfusion management of patients. The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether a new measure of PLT quality and function based on dynamic light scattering (DLS) correlates with transfusion outcome.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: For a total of 160 transfusions, the pretransfusion, 1 hour posttransfusion, and 24-hour posttransfusion PLT counts were routinely measured in 49 patients (31 male, 18 female; age 46 +/- 15 years) with hematologic malignancies. The corrected count increments (CCIs) at 1 hour (PLT recovery) and 24 hours (PLT survival) were calculated and used as the transfusion outcome measures. The ThromboLUX score (LightIntegra Technology, Inc., Vancouver, BC, Canada; range, 0-40; cutoff, 12) and the PLT morphology score of the PLT concentrates were determined and compared to transfusion outcome.

RESULTS: The CCIs and ThromboLUX scores were normally distributed and showed a strong correlation (n = 96, in the mixed regression model the adjusted coefficient is R = 0.6292, p < 0.0001), while other variables such as product type, age, and microscopic PLT morphology score were not correlated with transfusion outcome (p > 0.05). Importantly, 12 of 96 transfusions with poor PLT quality were clinically ineffective, that is, did not adequately increase the PLT counts in the recipients. One patient died after receiving three consecutive ineffective PLT transfusions with a low ThromboLUX score.

CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, the ThromboLUX score strongly correlated with transfusion outcome (PLT recovery and survival) independent of clinical and product issues.

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